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「2018秋季课程人教版高一英语」第11讲 新题型——漫笔改错:金沙体育

发布时间:2021-08-01 人气:

本文摘要:第11讲 新题型-漫笔改错教学历程一、导入1、 判断句子的正误。

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第11讲 新题型-漫笔改错教学历程一、导入1、 判断句子的正误。1) Here are five point you can follow. 2) It's your duty to realize your aims.3)Study English is your own duty and not the duty of your teacher. 4)It's a little difficulty to study English.5)Work as hard as possible in class!【谜底】F T FFT 2、引入高中英语漫笔改错。二、知识解说知识点1 漫笔改错的常见错误类型型为:冠词,代词,连词,介词 1.常见词法错误,主要包罗动词、名词、冠词、形容词、副词、代词和介词等词类误用、同义词混淆使用、牢固搭配等方面。

凭据句子身分分析句子结构和详细词的寄义从而作出正确的判断是解答此类试题的关键。(1) 动词。设错的一般形式有:动词的时态和语态、主谓一致、非谓语动词、谓语动词缺失、短暂性动词和延续性动词混用等。

I will send you the photos we take last week. 【句法分析】从句部门有显着的已往时间状语last week,所以take需要用已往式took。The colour TV sets produced in their factory are selling to several countries.【句法分析】句中谓语动词部门are selling,凭据语境应该表现为被动,电视机被销售,所以selling改为sold。

Nobody except my parents know anything about it.【句法分析】主语带有except,谓语动词需要遵循就远原则,与nobody保持一致,谓语动词用单三,knows。【训练】They were made do the job from morning till night.Key:made后加to make变被动语态后为be made to do sth,所以添加to。

(2)名词。主要是对可数名词的单复数、不行数名词、名词所有格、名词作定语的考察。The professor gave us some good advices.【句法分析】advice是不行数名词,所以去掉s,advice。The next day he came to borrow a book of my father.【句法分析】凭据句意表达,他来借我父亲的一本书,需要用所有格,所以是my father's.【训练】The woman teachers are dancing in the hall.Key: woman 变为 women 凭据句子结构意思判断, 许多女教师在跳舞,女教师在表现时候需要woman和teacher同时变复数,所以woman变为women。

(3) 冠词。主要是从牢固搭配中冠词的误用、冠词漏用、不定冠词a 和an 的误用等方面举行考察。

He is playing piano now.【句法分析】 西洋乐器前面加冠词,所以在piano前加the。【训练】She is such a honest boy that all of us like her.Key: a 变为an。凭据 such+冠词+adj.+名词,honest前面用an。(4) 形容词、副词。

常见的考点有:形容词和副词的误用、形容词和副词比力品级的误用、比力品级修饰语的误用等。What he said sounded quite perfectly.【句法分析】 sound为感官动词,后面添加形容词做表语,所以用perfect。

【训练】I was angry, but they were very angrier.Key: very 改为 much。能修饰比力级的词是much。

(5) 代词。常见的考点有:人称代词与物主代词的误用、不定代词的误用等。此类试题解答的关键是准确掌握行文逻辑关系。

He and his children felt tired but neither of them would stop for a rest.【句法分析】neither改为none。主语部门是他和他的孩子们,凌驾3人以上的否认词用none。

【训练】The twins didn't do his homework yesterday.Key:his变为their。Twins指的是双胞胎,两小我私家的作业用their。

(6) 介词。主要考察介词的多用或遗漏。

I disagree him about how we ought to deal with the matter.【句法分析】凭据牢固搭配,disagree with sb,需要添加with。【训练】Last Sunday we took a bus to visit to a factory.Key:visit为及物动词,后面不需要添加介词,因此去掉visit后面的to。

知识点2 常见句法错误通常体现为简朴句、复合句以及疑问句、祈使句、叹息句和强调句等错误。解答此类试题时,对句子结构分析正确很关键。(1) 简朴句。考察主要以基本的句型为主。

His words made all of us were happy.【句法分析】句子谓语动词是make,make sb.+adj.,使某人处于....状态。所以去掉were。【训练】There had a discussion on how to solve the problem yesterday.Key:凭据句意表达,有一个讨论,there be 句型,所以had改为was。

(2) 强调句,考察其基本的句型结构。.It was at midnight when I went home yesterday.【句法分析】凭据句意判断,就是在午夜我脱离了家,切合强调句,所以把when改为that。【训练】What is it you want me to say?Key:句意:你究竟想要我说什么?强调句的疑问句形式,在it后加that。

(3) 复合句,主要对状语从句、定语从句、名词性从句等的考察。解题的关键是在读懂句意的基础上判断它属于什么从句。

When he was a little boy, his mother was very poor that she had to send him to a rich family.【句法分析】句意:当他小的时候,他的妈妈如此贫困以至于不得不送他到一个富人家庭。句型so...that如此...以至于,把very改为so。

【训练】The clever boy made a hole in the wall, through it he could climb out.Key:凭据分析为定语从句,缺少关系词,所以it改为which。知识点3 常见行文逻辑错误多为前后句之间和上下文中的逻辑错误。许多情况下,在漫笔改错试题中,判断错误不能只从某个词或句子自己看,而要从上下文、以致整篇文章去明白。

这属于对文章逻辑关系的考察,这就要求我们做题时要准确掌握文章的意思、内在的逻辑关系、篇章结构等。Hi, everyone. First, let me tell you something more about myself.【句法分析】凭据句意判断,没有可比力的内容,所以不需要用比力级more,故删除more。【训练】Tom and Jack went to the same school and then to the same university. So they hadn't met each other since then.Key:凭据前后句意思判断,两句话之间是转折关系,所以so改为but。

三、例题精析例题1【题干】Now I am leaving home to college.【谜底】to→for【剖析】句意:现在,我要脱离家去上大学。凭据句意可知,此处指的是"脱离家去上大学",所以用for,表现目的。例题2【题干】That is too much for us, considering how closely the houses are.【谜底】closely→close【剖析】 closely是副词,副词通常不能和系动词连用组成系表结构,应改为形容词close,本句how close the houses are中的close本应该是在系动词are的后面,组成系表结构are close。

例题3【题干】...took him to US, where he introduced to the Internet.【谜底】introduced前加was 【剖析】he与introduce是被动关系,句子应用一般已往时的被动语态,故加上was。例题4【题干】The express company will get all these goods received delivering to the customers today..【谜底】delivering→delivered【剖析】 句意为:快递公司今天将会把所有这些收到的货物派送给主顾们。

deliver与其逻辑主语these goods之间为逻辑上的动宾关系,即these goods为deliver行动的蒙受者,所以应用已往分词作宾语补足语,此处为"get+宾语+宾补"结构。例题5【题干】Jim passed the driving test, it surprised everybody in the office..【谜底】it→which【剖析】由逗号可知,此处是一个非限制性定语从句,从句中缺少指代前面这个句子内容的主语,所以要用which。it无毗连作用,不引导定语从句。例题6【题干】The problem is what the "Play" doesn't work at all.【谜底】what→that【剖析】表语从句的引导词在从句中不作身分,而且不表现意义,故用that。

what在名词性从句中需要作主语、宾语等。例题7【题干】My uncle says that he never dreams of becoming rich in a short period of time. Instead, he hopes that our business will grow steadily.【谜底】our→his【剖析】 句意:……相反,他希望他的生意能够稳步增长。凭据语境可知,此处与主语he对应,指他的生意,用his指代,保持人称一致。

例题8【题干】How are you? Today I've got a wonderful news to tell you.【谜底】去掉a【剖析】句意:你好!今天我有个好消息要告诉你。news是不行数名词,前面不能用不定冠词。四 、课堂运用基础单句改错。

1.If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden our view and gain knowledges we cannot get from books.【谜底】knowledges→knowledge【剖析】 句意:如果我们出国旅游,我们就能拓宽视野并学到书本上学不到的知识。knowledge"知识"为不行数名词,无复数形式。2.Every time he arrived home at end of the day,we would greet him at the door...【谜底】end前加the【剖析】at the end of...表现"在……的最后"。

3.There is no doubt whether I will achieve great progress in English learning with your assistance..【谜底】whether→that 【剖析】否认句或疑问句中doubt后的从句用that引导,肯定句doubt后的从句用whether/if引导。There is no doubt that..."毫无疑问……"。4.It is difficult to understanding why she barks every minute she's outside.【谜底】understanding→understand【剖析】 It's difficult to do sth.意为"做某事是难题的",其中to为动词不定式符号,其后要跟动词原形。

故将understanding改为understand。5.Today is Sunday. At about 9:00 a.m., I go to the bookstore with my friends.【谜底】 go→went【剖析】由前面提供的时间状语判断句子用一般已往时,故改为went。牢固6.My uncle tells me that the key to his success is honest.. 【谜底】honest→honesty【剖析】句意:我叔叔告诉我他乐成的关键就是"老实"。

此处是指"老实"是他乐成的关键,应用名词形式。7. they only eat what they like and never touch food they don't like even if they really need it for their health.【谜底】food前加the【剖析】句意:……他们只吃他们喜欢的工具,纵然那些食物对他们的康健有益他们也不会吃不喜欢的那些食物。凭据句子后面的定语从句they don't like可知,此处的food为特指,在food前面加the。

8.At that time, I just wondered that my mother was so delighted.【谜底】that→why【剖析】凭据wonder判断,引导词表现"为什么"意义,故用why。句子表现"我不明确为什么妈妈那么兴奋"。

9.Even when it comes to shake hands, ladies come first.【谜底】shake→shaking【剖析】在when it comes to...句型中,to为介词,所以要用动名词作to的宾语。10. .Our city had changed a lot in the last 5 years.【谜底】had→has 【剖析】由时间状语in the past 5 years可知句子应该用现在完成时。拔高11Having been seen the film, everyone was deeply moved..【谜底】去掉been【剖析】句子的主语即为非谓语动词see的逻辑主语,二者之间是主动关系,故去掉been,成为现在分词的完成式。

12.Some classmates suggest we can go to places of interest nearby.【谜底】can→should或去掉can【剖析】句意:一些同学建议我们去四周的胜景奇迹。suggest作动词,表现"建议"时,宾语从句的谓语通常用虚拟语气"(should+)动词原形",故此处可把can改为should,也可去掉can。13.Instead, he hopes that his business will grow steady.【谜底】steady→steadily【剖析】句意:相反,他希望他的生意能够稳步增长。

grow"增长"是谓语动词,故用副词修饰。14.Unfortunately,on the development of industrialization,the environment has been polluted.【谜底】on→with【剖析】with the development of...随着……的生长。15. I told him I could not go to the college because I did not want to study anymore.【谜底】 it【剖析】去掉the 句意:我告诉他我不会上大学,因为我不想再念书了。

英语中,表现"上学"这一状态时,学校前面不用冠词。漫笔改错In the past two years, our school had organized many activities. What impressed me most was an activity calling "Learning to Farm". In an autumn afternoon , we went to the farm, where we learned to plant potatoes. Having been in the city for such a long time, we are so happy to go to the countryside. After we got there, we were divided into three groups, we started to work. Some students cut potatoes into pieces, some dug hole, and the others put the pieces of potatoes into the holes, put the earth back and pushed them down hard. We were all busy working as all the work was done. Though we were tired out, we felt pleased on our way back to home。1. 【谜底】had—has 【剖析】In the past two years 可知时态为现在完成。

2. 【谜底】calling—called【剖析】运动与call…name之间为被动关系。3. 【谜底】In—On 【剖析】an autumn afternoon为详细某天的下午,介词用on4. 【谜底】the—a 【剖析】农场为泛指一个,冠词用a。

5. 【谜底】are—were【剖析】前文为一般已往时态,后文应该一致。6. 【谜底】groups,we之间加and【剖析】两句为独立句子,且为并列关系。7. 【谜底】hole –holes 【剖析】前后文可知不止一个洞,故用复数。

8. 【谜底】them—it【剖析】earth(土壤)为不行数,应该用单数代词指代。9.【谜底】as—until【剖析】由句义知,我们忙到事情完成。

10. 【谜底】去掉to【剖析】home为特殊所在副词,前不加介词。课堂小结本节课主要解说高中新题型漫笔改错题的做题技巧,错误类型一般有:缺词、多词和错词。即:缺词添加、多词删除、错词纠正。解题步骤如下:1.通读全文,相识漫笔的中心意思,掌握全篇的时态、人称及行文逻辑。

尤其是行文逻辑方面的错误,有时伶仃地分析某个句子,其结构正确、语义通顺、无错可改。有时伶仃地读一个单句时是没有错误的(或是不易看堕落误)。

可是,如果联系上下文,就会发现该句的问题所在。在通读全文的同时把一些比力显着的错误先改好,这样可以为下一步深入的改错降低难度。2.分句阅读,逐句找错。

在读懂文章之后,要逐句逐行地找错。分析每个句子在句法、语法、行文逻辑等方面是否有错,要做到逐行分析,不行遗漏,句与句之间要注意连词的用法,详细注意以下几点:(1)整篇文章的语态与时态,时态的前后是否一致。(2)名词的数与格,名词前该不应用冠词,用什么冠词。(3)习语结构搭配是否完整有无缺少或多余介词、副词现象。

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(4)非谓语动词(不定式、已往分词、现在分词、动名词)的形式运用是否正确。(5)毗连词与关系代(副)词的用法是否贴切,名词性从句、定语从句、状语从句等的结构与用法。

(6)代词的用法与结构是否正确。人称代词、物主代词以及it作形式主语或形式宾语的用法。

(7)形容词、副词及其比力级、最高级是否混用。(8)行文逻辑的一致。3.检考核对,注意方法。

最后浏览改后的全文,看全篇是否通顺,一般增加和删除的各占一处,其余均为修改,每句最多两处错误。另外还要严格根据规范的方法和花样要求去答题。课后作业基础1. The teenage year from 13 to 19 were the most difficult time for me.【谜底】year→years【剖析】句意:13到19岁的青春期是我最艰难的一段时光。凭据句中的13 to 19 were可知,year应该用复数形式。

2.Now I'm living in a city,but I miss my home in countryside..【谜底】countryside前加the【剖析】in the countryside意为"在农村",是牢固短语。3. When he came back, I found a bunch of flowers in her hand..【谜底】her→his【剖析】句意:当他回来时,我发现他手里有一束花。凭据句意可知应用his。

4.Which is worse, they spat and even threw rubbish into the lake..【谜底】Which→What【剖析】What is worse是牢固用法,意为"更糟糕的是"。5.It is such a big stone that nobody can lift..【谜底】that→as或在lift后加it【剖析】把该句看成so...that...结构,可以在lift后加it,把that引导的效果状语从句增补完整。该句也可以看成一个定语从句,此时,先行词stone前有such,所以定语从句的引导词用as,as在从句中充当lift的宾语。故也可以把that改为as。

6.It isn't very cold, but you needn't bring many clothes with you.【谜底】but→so 【剖析】天不太冷"所以"没有须要带许多衣服,连词用so,表现效果。7.We all enjoyed the precious day greatly, remember the time we spent together.【谜底】remember→remembering 【剖析】句意为:我们所有人都很享受这名贵的一天,记着我们一起渡过的时光。

句中已有谓语动词enjoyed,因此remember应用非谓语动词形式;remember与主语we之间组成主动关系,故用现在分词形式。8. In the past, teachers always keep on explaining the points in class.【谜底】keep→kept【剖析】由时间状语in the past判断句子用一般已往时,故改为已往式kept。9.They were also the best and worse years in my life.【谜底】worse→worst【剖析】句意:它们也是我生掷中最好和最坏的那些年。

此处用最高级,与上文的the best呼应。10.Nearly five years ago,and with the help by our father, my sister and I planted some cherry tomatoes(圣女果)in our back garden.【谜底】by→of【剖析】句意为:约莫五年前,在父亲的资助下,我和姐姐在后花园种植了一些圣女果。with the help of sb.为牢固搭配,意为"在某人的资助下"。

故将by改为of。牢固1.One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent... he turned around and found that his parents were missing.【谜底】parent→parents 【剖析】句意:一天,小托尼跟怙恃亲去购物中心……由下文的"...he turned around and found that his parents were missing。

"可知,是怙恃两小我私家,所以用复数形式。2.In the car park there Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry.【谜底】第二个car前加a【剖析】句意:在那儿的停车场,由于一辆小汽车很快地从货车后面冲出来,吉娜差一点被撞着。由于car是可数名词单数,前面需加冠词,且所提到的小车并非特定的某辆小车,用不定冠词a。

3. At last, I will be on my own, but I still want to have my parents to turn to whenever need help..【谜底】need前加I【剖析】句意:……但我还是想无论什么时候我需要资助,都有怙恃可以让我求助。此处是让步状语从句,句子缺少主语,由前面的语境可知主语用I。4.I went up and asked what I could help them..【谜底】what→if/whether【剖析】宾语从句的引导词不需要在从句中作身分,再凭据ask判断句子的引导词表现疑问意义,故应为if/whether。

5.Have you noticed that small house, its roof is red?【谜底】its→whose【剖析】由逗号可知,此处是一个非限制性定语从句。所以用whose取代its,its无毗连作用,不引导定语从句。

6. I'm sure that until we keep on practising, it will be easy for us to learn spoken English well.【谜底】until→if 【剖析】此处表现"如果我们不停地训练,学好英语口语对我们来说就会很容易",所以用连词if引导一个条件状语从句。7.I, together with my two friends, was eating dinner at a Chinese restaurant, locating in the center of New York..【谜底】locating→located【剖析】句意为:我和我的两个朋侪一起,正在位于纽约市中心的一家中餐馆里用餐。

(be) located in...为牢固用法,意为"坐落于……"。故将locating改为located。8. Many overpasses have set up, so it has become very convenient for people to travel..【谜底】have后加been【剖析】overpasses与动词set up是被动关系,表现"被建设"意义,故句子用现在完成时的被动语态。

9.The dog may be a good companion for the old. Therefore, the need to take it for walks may be a disadvantage.【谜底】Therefore→However【剖析】句意为:狗或许是暮年人的好朋侪,然而带着它散步可能不利便。disadvantage是关键词,由此可知前后两句是转折关系,故用however。10.He was tall, with broad shoulders and a beard that turned from black toward gray over the years..【谜底】toward→to或into【剖析】turn from...to/into...从……酿成……。

拔高漫笔改错Last year my class went on the skiing trip to the mountains. We have already been to the same place the year before and it had been a wonderfully experience.When we arrived at there, It had snowed heavily the day before and there were terrible storm. At breakfast the next day, everyone there told us not to go skiing because of the bad weather, but we decide to go anyway. When we got to the mountain top, that started snowing again. The hotel had given us some sandwiches to take along, so we ate them since we were waiting for the weather to improve .But it didn't and soon we really felt very frightening. Luckily, I had my cell phone in my bag. I called the emergency services, at last they sent a helicopter to save us.1.【谜底】the 变 a【剖析】 表现泛指一次滑雪旅行。考察学生合理使用冠词,。2.【谜底】have 变 had 【剖析】整篇文章就是用的已往时态。

3.【谜底】wonderfully 变wonderful 【剖析】 此处是做定语修饰experience,故用形容词。4.【谜底】去掉 at 【剖析】arrive 是不及物动词,后边不能跟介词,there 是副词做的是状语,不是宾语,,主要是there作为滋扰因素,许多学生都市把它看成宾语。5.【谜底】storm 变 storms 【剖析】指狂风,单复数与系动词were保持一致6.【谜底】decide 变 decided 【剖析】整篇文章就是用的已往时态7.【谜底】 that 变 it, 【剖析】考察学生辨析单词it ,that 的区别。

指代天气用it。8.【谜底】since 变 when/as/while. 【剖析】当......时候。9.【谜底】frightening 变frightened 【剖析】frightening修饰物,文中修饰人,故用frightened10.【谜底】 at last 前加 and【剖析】两个分句之间缺少连词,表并列。


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